Transferring Technology to Farmers Rural Youths and Field Functionaries ..................... Bringing Agricultural Revolution

About KVK Mangan North Sikkim


About KVK Mangan

      Krishi Vigyan Kendra (Farm Science Centre) is an innovative science based institution which was given shape by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) after the recommendation of the Mehta Committee (193) with its prime mandate to impart vocational training to the farmers, rural youths and field functionaries/ extension workers. Accordingly in the proposal it was recommended to have one Krishi Vigyan Kendra in every district of Indian Union for effective transfer of technology developed in the laboratory for the field application at farmers’ level.

The concept of vocational training in agriculture through K.V.K. grew substantially due to greater demand for improved agricultural technology by the farmers. They not only required knowledge and understanding of the intricacy of technologies, but also progressively more and more skills in various complex agricultural operations for adoption on their farms. The effectiveness of the K.V.K was further enhanced by adding the activities related to On-farm Testing and Front Line Demonstration on major agricultural technologies in order to make the training of farmers location specific, need based and resource –oriented.

        The training programmes were designed to impart the latest knowledge to the farmers through work experience by applying the principles of ‘Teaching by doing’ and ‘Learning by Doing’. The prime goal of K.V.K is to impart training as per the needs and requirements in agriculture and allied enterprises to all farmers, farm women and farm youths including school drop outs in the rural areas for self- employment and enhancing the productivity. While designing the courses, the concept of farming system as well as the farming situation is taken into account to ensure that the enterprises in which they are trained are commercially and ecologically viable, sustainable and profitable. Such vocational trainings help them to sustain themselves through self-employment and make them self-reliant economically and thus discourage to migrate to urban areas.

          KVKs provide training not only in agriculture and allied vocations but also in other income generating activities that may supplement the income of farm families. The methods employed in training could be formal and informal or in a combination of both, depending upon the needs and training emphasis remains to be on work-experience.

          K.V.K, Mangan was established in December 2006 under the administrative control of the Department of F.S & A.D Department, Government of Sikkim and funded by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research through Zonal Coordinating Unit III, Barapani. K.V.K is engaged in the transfer of technology in various fields of agromony, horticulture, plant breeding, animal husbandry, plant protection and soil science.

         Since the inception of K.V.K a social and economic survey was conducted from time to time to know the geographical and economical status along with livestock population, cropping pattern and the training needs of the farmers of the District. K.V.K has also started the farm development work simultaneously as an important requirement for the strengthening of training cum demonstration infra structure of the K.V.K.



About KVK Mangan

¨      Collaborate with institutions like ICAR, Spices Board, National Horticulture Board, K.V.I.C, S.I.S.C.O, S.I.R.D, Line departments of the State and The State Extension Personnel in “On farm- testing”, refining and documenting technologies for developing region specific sustainable land use system.
¨      Organize training to update the extension personnel within the areas of operation with emerging advances in agricultural research on regular basis.
¨      Organize long term vocational training courses in agriculture and allied vocations for the rural youths with emphasis on “learning by doing” for generating self employment through institutional financing.
¨      Organize front-line demonstration in various crops to generate production data and feed back information.


About KVK Mangan

¨      To demonstrate the latest agricultural technologies to the farmers as well as the extension workers of the State Department of Agriculture/ Non governmental organization with a view to reduce the time lag between the generation of technologies and its adoption.

¨      To test and verify the latest technologies in the socio economic condition and identify the production constraints.

        To get first hand scientific feedback from the fields and passing it on to the research system in order to keep the scientists abreast with the performance of the technologies and the farming problems, so that they re-orient their research, education and training programmes accordingly.

        To impart training to the farmers, farm women, rural youth and field level extension functionaries by following the principles of “teaching by doing” and “learning by doing”.

 ¨   To provide training and communication support to the line departments of the state /NGOs. 


Unique features of K.V.K

About KVK Mangan

¨      K.V.K acts as knowledge center in the rural areas in every facet i.e, addressing/disseminating knowledge on natural resource conservation, climate or ecological changes, agriculture and environment, human diet – health- disease prevention, zoonosis, impact analysis of developed technologies, ITC in agriculture, intelligent purchasing , etc.

        K.V.K or the Farm Science Center is a media which takes science from the research systems to the farmers’ door after assessment and refinement.

        K.V.K enjoys strong technology support from host institutes and other research stations.

        Agriculture is always considered as a system, which encompasses several allied disciplines. K.V.K stands unique in respect to other institutions being working on system approach with its core team of multi disciplinary scientists.

        K.V.K acts as a hinge between different developmental agencies or organizations (private or public), financial institutions, NGOs, Cooperatives and farmers/farmer groups in implementing different developmental activities intended for socio-Economic upliftment.

Role of K.V.K in changing perspectives of global agricultural scenario

Diversification of agricultural system.

Adoption of Need and Market based farming system.

Proper utilization of man-made and natural resources.

Management of new technologies at farmers’ level and providing feed back to the research system for refinement.

K.V.K will access and refine technologies for farmers and assist them to choose the technologies to be adopted in their system.

Increasing the risk bearing capacity of the farmers by popularizing group or collaborative approaches and integration of farming systems.

Effective forward and backward linkages.

Protection of farmers’ right and educating them about trade treaties and preparedness required for the change.


Background : Krishi Vigyan Kendra

About KVK Mangan

K.V.K Mangan was born during the year 2006 under the Directorate of FS and AD Department with its proposed site at Mangan. The center swam into action only from Feb’07 with the recruitment of the staffs with a temporary office at the K.V.K farm premises.


Our vision:

About KVK Mangan

Our vision is to design and develop KVK, Mangan by action as a nodal center of excellence growing with continuous collaborative research, extension and farmer centric services for social-economic upliftment.
Details of District(2008-009)

About KVK Mangan

Major Farming System existing in the district* (based on the study made by the KVK)
No Farming systems identified
1 Integrated farming system(under rain fed condition)- agriculture + horticulture + animal husbandry.
* = The programs conducted by KVK should be matching with the identified farming systems

Description of Agro-climatic Zone (based on soil and topography)
No Agro-climatic Zone Characteristics
1 Alpine Zone High mountains and permanent snow clad peaks.
Soil Type: Loamy-skeletal Lithic Cryorthents and Coarse-loamy Cryumbrepts.
Topography type: Periglaciated land Rocky Cliffand.
2 Temperate Zone A large area lies under dense and reserve forests and major portion lies as rocky cliffs.
Soil Type:Coarse loamy typic Haplumbrepts and Loamy-skeletal Typic Undorthents.
Topography Type:Very very step side slope(50%)moderately dissected with 40% forest cover. 
3 Sub Tropical Zone Only 15188.80 ha of the land is under cultivation out of which1386.85(ha)is irrigated land and 3725.95 ha is rain fed land
Soil Type:Coarse-loamy Pachic Haplumbrepts,Fine-loamy Umbric Dystrochrepts.
Topography type: Very Steep side slope(33-50%), highly dissected with 20-40% forest co
4 Snow land Perpetual snow.
Description of major agro ecological situation (based on soil and topography)

No Agro-ecological situation Characteristics
1. AES-I(low-altitude) Altitude ranging from 270 to 1500m with annual rainfall of 2989.4mm
2. AES-II(MID-altitude) Altitude ranging from 1500 to 2000m with annual rainfall of 3494mm
3. AES-III(High-altitude) Altitude ranging from 2000 to 3000m with annual rainfall of 16524mm

Soil Type/s
No Soil Type Characterstics Area in ha.
1. Aidic MOre than 80% having ph 5.0 below.
High Organic matter content ranging from 2to5%

Area,Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district(Enter data strictly in ha,qti and qtl/ha respectively)
No Crop Area(ha)* Production(qtl)* Productivivty(qtl/ha)*
1. Paddy 367.70 8998.05 10.37
2. Maize 3726.16 51383.75 13.79
3. Wheat 385 4184.95 10.87
4. Finger millet 520 3759.5 7.23
5. Pulses 170 1380.4 8.12
6 Rapeseed & Mustard 222.4 1240.99 5058
7 Soybean 400 3152 7.88
8 Sikkim Mandarin 67 970 14.48
9 Cardamom 4090 8670 2.12
10 Passion Fruit 35 70 2.00
11 Other Fruits 88 890 10.11
12 Vegetable (Kharif) 486 19420 39.96
13 Vegetable (Rabi) 282 12320 43.69
14 Off-Season Vegetable 412 18760 45.53
15 Potato 434 17240 39.72
16 Root Tuber Crops 18 2190 45.63
17 Ginger 275 14600 53.09
18 Turmeric 42 1380 32.86

*= No change of unit is allowed

Source: The datas under Horticulture crops taken out from Annual Progress Report of Horticulture Cash Crops Dev. Deptt.,Govt of Sikkim.




Date of Joining


 Mr. K.K Pradhan, Programme Coordinator



Dr.  A.K Singh S.M.S



 Mr. T.N Bhutia, S.M.S



 Mr. T.G Bhutia, S.M.S



Mrs. Pema E. Bhutia ,S.M.S



Ms. Diki Palzom, Progamme Assistant



 Mr. S.W Lepcha,Farm Manager



Mr. Nakchung Bhutia, Sr. Acct.



Ms. Sangita Gurung, Stenographer



Mr. Rajesh Basnet, Supporting Staff



M.T.Lepcha, Supporting Staff



T.B.Limboo, Supporting Staff



Thrust area of K.V.K, Mangan

¨      Promotion of organic cultivation techniques and its importance.
¨      Blight and stem borer management in cardamom.
¨      Promotion of hill oriented research work in agricultural field.
¨      Promotion of proper irrigation facilities.
¨      Promotion of proper and organic management in citrus.
¨      Promotion of Integrated Pest & Disease management practice in crops in general.
¨      Promotion of proper sanitation in Cardamom field causing harbor of pest & diseases.
¨      Changing the mindset of the farmers and society towards agriculture and shaping agriculture and allied as commercial enterprises.
¨      Integrated farming system approach keeping in view the ecological balance.
¨      Maintenance of soil productivity through Integrated Plant Nutrient Management.
¨      Stress on Integrated Pest, Weed and Water Management.
¨      Improvement of indigenous livestock and poultry.
¨      Promoting Post Harvest Technology and Value Addition of different agri-horti-livestock produces.
¨      Identification, characterization and documentation of Indigenous Technology Knowledge (ITK) in agriculture and allied sector.
¨      Collaboration with multi disciplinary departments/ institutions/ organizations/ agencies (ATMA/ SIRD/ DRDA/ NGOs).
¨      Promoting knowledge transfer and application of ICT (video conferencing, FM radio talk, phone- in for consultancy, etc.) in agriculture.
¨      Human resource development programmes for capacity development.